What is Web Server?
A web server is a computer with special software to host web pages and web applications. The computer provides Web services and pages to intranet and Internet users. A web server serves web pages to clients across the Internet or an Intranet.
The web server hosts the pages, scripts, programs, and multimedia files and serves them using HTTP, a protocol designed to send files to web browsers and other protocols. A number of server-side technologies can be used to increase the power of the server beyond its ability to deliver standard HTML pages. A Web server is a specific type of server that knows how to communicate with clients using the HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
Types of Web Server
These are the following web server as follows;
The first version was developed in 1995. Apache was the first viable alternative to the Netscape Communications Corporation web server (currently known as Sun Java System Web Server) and has since evolved to rival other Unix- based web servers in terms of functionality and performance. Apache is a freely available Web server.
This is a Microsoft product. This web server works with all the Windows operating system platforms. That offers all the features such as Apache. and is not an open-source server so adding personal modules as well as modifying becomes a bit difficult.
It is a free open source web server that includes IMAP/POP3 proxy server. and it’s the next open source web server after Apache.
It is a high-performance web server on the internet and it is a commercial web server. And It is the 4th most popular web server, estimated to be used by 10% of websites. The web server uses the same configuration format as Apache HTTP Server and is compatible with most Apache features.